IMMUNIZATIONS

1. Tetanus (combined with whooping cough/pertussis as of 2007)         Booster every 10 years

2. Flu shot         Every fall (mid-October to late December).  Should be given to all over 65 years, or with chronic problems such as asthma, heart disease, or any lung disease.  For maximal effectiveness, it should be given before the second week of December.

3. Pneumonia Shot      Given to people over age 65 or with certain chronic diseases (e.g. asthma, emphysema, diabetes, congestive heart failure, etc.).  Can be given once in a lifetime, or if other respiratory risk factors, every 10 years.

4. MMR (Measles, mumps, and rubella)         Given to young children.  Booster needed as a late teen if born after 1957.

5. Hepatitis B         Given to anyone at risk to contact blood products. Since Hepatitis B can be transmitted sexually, the injection is recommended for all young people (often given by pediatricians).

6. Hepatitis A         Given to anyone traveling to an endemic area (i.e. underdeveloped countries).

7. Meningitis vaccine         Given to people living in crowded areas, e.g. military barracks or college dormitories.

8. Shingles Vaccine (Zostavax)

Given to adults over age 60 who have never had shingles.  Note that this is a “live virus” so it is possible to give the virus to someone with a compromised immune system (infants, pregnant women, people with HIV or cancer chemotherapy).

 

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